Prior to the Great Recession, it was fairly easy to buy a home with no down payment. But the mortgage crisis and the financial crisis shook things up a bit. Credit requirements — especially for home loans — tightened substantially.
Many home buyers began turning to FHA loans (which require as little as 3.5 percent down as of this writing) once the number of zero-down mortgages began drying up.
Now that the Great Recession is fading away, things are changing again. Just as many home buyers thought that the FHA loan required a too-high down payment prior to the mortgage market problems, that mindset is creeping back – since it’s possible to find zero-down home loans again. Just remember, if you do get a mortgage, make a plan for how you’re going to pay those payments and track your plan using a tool like ReadyForZero.
Conventional Lending and Zero-Down Mortgages
While it’s not exactly easy to buy a home with no down payment in the current climate, it is possible if you can show that you have adequate income and a good credit score. You’ll also have to be willing to pay a higher interest rate. The price you pay for having no “skin in the game” is a mortgage rate that ensures that you’ll pay extra tens of thousands of dollars over the life of your home loan compared to borrowers who have down payments. You will also probably need to purchase private mortgage insurance (PMI).
In some cases, lenders will get a little creative with the financing. You might be able to take out two mortgages: The first is for 10 percent or 20 percent (depending on the lender) of the purchase price. This serves as your “down payment” — even though you aren’t actually putting anything down. The other loan is for the remainder of the purchase price. But before you do this, realize that the interest rate on the small mortgage serving as your down payment will probably be higher than the rate on your “real” mortgage.
There are other creative ways to avoid the down payment, from getting a gift from a close relative or friend, or participating in local housing programs that allow you to use “sweat equity” to help pay for your home. In the latter case, you do some of the work building your house, and helping build others’ homes, and in return you don’t have to worry about a down payment.
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Government Programs and Zero-Down Mortgages
On the other hand, if you qualify for certain government programs that could provide an avenue for you to buy a home with no down payment. One of the most popular loan programs that allow you to buy a house without a down payment is the VA loan program. This program is only available to military veterans and to their surviving spouses. Depending on your credit situation and income, you might qualify for a zero-down VA loan.
There are also government programs that will help you buy a home with no down payment if you are willing to buy in qualified rural areas, or in qualified high-crime areas. These programs are designed to help bring greater prosperity to certain areas with the introduction of homeowners. If you take the risk in rural or high-crime areas, you might be able to get a low-cost home without the need for a down payment.
As with all mortgages, zero-down home loans require that you show that you have good credit, and that you are likely to handle the payments. Someone is taking a risk on you, whether it’s a conventional lender, the government, or even the seller.
But Should You Buy a Home With No Down Payment?
Now that you know there are options for buying a home with no down payment, the question remains: is it a good idea?
In most cases, we’d recommend using a down payment when buying a house. This does a few things that will help you in the long run: (1) if you play your cards right and do your research, you’ll be able to get lower interest rates when you have a down payment; (2) by paying a portion of the cost of the house up front, you’ll be closer to having the house paid off than if you start with no equity in the home; and (3) the experience of saving up for a down payment will help you prepare for homeownership – which often requires having an emergency fund to deal with any unexpected repairs or maintenance issues that may arise.
While many individuals and families are eager to begin their new life as homeowners, it’s usually a good idea to wait until you have a down payment so that you can start that new life on stronger financial ground. If you’re currently deciding whether to take the leap into homeownership, use our Mortgage Resource Center to help get prepared. And also check out our blog posts on What Should You Do Before Buying a House, What Is a Good Credit Score for Buying a House, and How Much of a Mortgage Can I Afford.
Are you currently deciding whether to buy a house or how much of a down payment to use? Share your thoughts or questions in the comments below!
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